List of Foods That Cause Heartburn


Heartburn is a prevalent condition that impacts numerous individuals around the globe. It is identified by a feeling of burning in the chest and is frequently caused by specific food items.

Although the intensity and causes of heartburn may differ from person to person, there are certain foods that have a reputation for inducing this unpleasant sensation. In this piece of writing, we will examine a compilation of food items that have the potential to trigger heartburn, and explain the reasons behind their involvement in causing digestive discomfort. 

  1. Spicy Foods: Spicy foods like chili peppers, hot sauces, and curries are widely recognized as causing heartburn. The active component in these foods, known as capsaicin, can irritate the esophagus and result in the typical burning feeling associated with heartburn. 
  2. Fatty and Fried Foods: Consuming foods high in fat and fried content can worsen symptoms of heartburn. These particular types of foods have a slower digestion process, prompting the stomach to generate an increased amount of acid, ultimately resulting in acid reflux and heartburn. Some examples of such fatty and fried foods include French fries, hamburgers, and deep-fried snacks. 
  3. Citrus Fruits: Oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and tomatoes are citrus fruits that have a high acidity content. This acidity can cause irritation in the esophagus, leading to heartburn in individuals who are prone to it. It is worth mentioning that not everyone suffers from heartburn after consuming citrus fruits, but for those who do, it is advisable to limit their intake. 
  4. Chocolate: While it can be difficult to resist, chocolate contains caffeine and cocoa, both of which can cause the esophageal sphincter to relax, leading to the flow of stomach acid back up and resulting in heartburn. While occasional enjoyment of chocolate may not be an issue for everyone, individuals experiencing chronic heartburn may need to restrict their intake of chocolate. 
  5. Carbonated Beverages: Heartburn sufferers might encounter issues when consuming carbonated beverages such as soda and sparkling water. These drinks have the potential to cause bloating and put additional pressure on the stomach, resulting in the reflux of acid into the esophagus and ultimately causing heartburn. 
  6. Peppermint: Although peppermint is known for its invigorating flavor, it can actually worsen the symptoms of heartburn. This is primarily due to its component known as menthol, which has the ability to relax the lower esophageal sphincter. By doing so, it enables stomach acid to rise up into the esophagus. If you tend to experience heartburn frequently, it’s advisable to stay away from peppermint products such as tea, candies, and chewing gum. 
  7. Onions and Garlic: Although onions and garlic contribute taste to numerous meals, they can potentially pose difficulties for individuals who experience heartburn. This is due to the sulfur compounds present in both ingredients, which can cause the muscles in the esophagus to relax and result in a higher likelihood of acid reflux. 
  8. Caffeine: Сaffeine can trigger heartburn by increasing acid production in the stomach and relaxing the esophageal sphincter. It’s advisable to moderate your intake of caffeinated beverages like coffee, tea, and energy drinks if you’re prone to heartburn.

It is noteworthy to mention that although these foods may have the ability to cause heartburn, everyone’s tolerance and triggers can differ. To identify which specific foods might be causing your heartburn, it is helpful to keep a food journal and observe your symptoms. Furthermore, making lifestyle adjustments such as maintaining a healthy weight, consuming smaller meals, and avoiding lying down right after eating can also assist in managing heartburn symptoms. 

To sum up, taking care of your diet and consciously selecting what you eat can greatly help in controlling heartburn. Although it may not be possible to completely eliminate all triggers, knowing which foods can cause heartburn and moderating your consumption of them can provide relief and enhance your digestive well-being. 

Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle blogger for over 10 years, I couldn't pass up healthy eating and diet reviews. I prefer to write small, understandable articles and guides for visitors, to answer the question clearly and concisely and to give the reader a starting point for further actions to improve their diet and health in general.

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