Symptoms and Causes of Diarrhea

When you have diarrhea, your defecation (or stools) are loose and watery. It’s common and typically not major. Lots of people get diarrhea a few times a year. It generally lasts 2 to 3 days. Some individuals get it more frequently. It might be since they have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or other conditions.

What Causes Diarrhea?

Generally, diarrhea occurs since of a virus that gets into your gut. Some individuals call it “intestinal tract influenza” or “stomach influenza”.

Other causes include:

  • Alcoholic abuse
  • Allergies to specific foods
  • Diabetes
  • Diseases of the intestinal tracts (such as Crohn’s illness or ulcerative colitis).
  • Consuming foods that upset the digestion system.
  • Infection by germs (the cause of a lot of kinds of gastrointestinal disorder) or other organisms.
  • Laxative abuse.
  • Medications.
  • Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
  • Radiation treatment.
  • Running (Some individuals get “runner’s diarrhea” for factors that aren’t clear.).
  • Some cancers.
  • Surgical treatment on your digestive system.
  • Problem soaking up specific nutrients, also called “malabsorption”.
  • Diarrhea might also follow irregularity, particularly for individuals who have irritable bowel syndrome.

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Signs of Diarrhea

You might have:

  • Bloating in your stubborn belly.
  • Cramps.
  • Thin or loose stools.
  • Watery stools.
  • An urgent sensation that you need to have a defecation.
  • Nausea and throwing up.

More major signs include:

  • Blood or mucous in your stool.
  • Weight-loss.
  • Fever.

If you have watery stools more than three times a day and you’re not drinking enough fluids, you might end up being dehydrated. That can be a major problem if it’s not treated.

When Should I Call My Doctor?

Call your doctor immediately if you have:

  • Blood in your diarrhea or black, tarry stools.
  • A fever that is high (above 101 F) or that lasts more than 24 hours.
  • Diarrhea lasting longer than 2 days.
  • Nausea or throwing up that avoids you from drinking liquids to change lost fluids.
  • Severe pain in your stubborn belly or rear end.
  • Diarrhea after returning from a foreign nation.

Also, call your doctor right away if you have diarrhea and any of these indications of dehydration:

  • Dark urine.
  • Smaller than normal quantities of urine or, in a kid, fewer damp diapers than normal.
  • Fast heart rate.
  • Headaches.
  • Dry skin.
  • Crankiness.
  • Confusion.

Diarrhea Diagnosis

Your medical professional will inquire about your medical history and what medications you take, as well as what you’ve eaten or had to consume just recently. They will give you a physical examination to look for signs of dehydration or stomach pain.

Specific tests can assist determine the cause of your diarrhea, consisting of:

  • Blood tests to try to find certain diseases or disorders.
  • Colonoscopy, in rare cases, in which your doctor looks inside your colon with a thin, flexible tube that holds a tiny camera and light. They can also utilize this device to take a little sample of tissue. Or your medical professional might require to do only a sigmoidoscopy, which looks at simply the lower colon.
  • Stool checks to search for bacteria or parasites.

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Treatment for Diarrhea

If your case is mild, you may not need to take anything. Adults can take an over the counter medication such as bismuth subsalicylate or loperamide, which you can get as liquids or tablets.

You likewise require to stay hydrated. You should drink a minimum of six 8-ounce glasses of fluids each day. Pick electrolyte replacement drinks or soda without caffeine. Chicken broth (without the fat), tea with honey, and sports drinks are likewise great choices. Rather of drinking liquids with your meals, consume liquids between meals. Sip little amounts of fluids often.

How Can I Feel Better?

Your rectal area may end up being aching because of all the bowel motions that diarrhea brings. You might have itching, burning, or pain when you go to the bathroom.

For relief, take a warm bath. Afterward, pat the area dry (do not rub) with a tidy, soft towel. You may also attempt utilizing a hemorrhoid cream or petroleum jelly on the affected area.

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