What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Asthma?


Asthma is a condition in which your air passages narrow and swell and might produce additional mucous. This can make breathing difficult and set off coughing, a whistling sound (wheezing) when you breathe out and shortness of breath.

For some people, asthma is a minor nuisance. For others, it can be a major problem that interferes with daily activities and may result in a dangerous asthma attack.

Asthma can’t be cured, however its signs can be controlled. Since asthma typically changes gradually, it’s essential that you deal with your doctor to track your indications and symptoms and adjust your treatment as required.


Asthma symptoms differ from person to person. You may have irregular asthma attacks, have symptoms just at certain times– such as when exercising– or have signs all the time.

Asthma symptoms and signs consist of:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or discomfort
  • Wheezing when exhaling, which is a typical indication of asthma in kids
  • Problem sleeping triggered by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
  • Coughing or wheezing attacks that are intensified by a breathing virus, such as a cold or the flu

Signs that your asthma is most likely aggravating consist of:

  • Asthma symptoms and signs that are more regular and irritating
  • Increasing trouble breathing, as measured with a gadget used to examine how well your lungs are working (peak circulation meter).
  • The requirement to use a quick-relief inhaler more frequently.

For some individuals, asthma symptoms and signs flare in particular circumstances:

  • Exercise-induced asthma, which might be worse when the air is cold and dry.
  • Occupational asthma, set off by office irritants such as chemical fumes, gases or dust.
  • Allergy-induced asthma, activated by airborne substances, such as pollen, mold spores, cockroach waste, or particles of skin and dried saliva shed by family pets (family pet dander).

When to See a Doctor

Look for emergency situation treatment.

Serious asthma attacks can be deadly. Work with your doctor to identify what to do when your signs and signs intensify — and when you need emergency situation treatment. Indications of an asthma.

emergency consist of:

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  • Rapid worsening of shortness of breath or wheezing.
  • No improvement even after utilizing a quick-relief inhaler.
  • Shortness of breath when you are doing very little physical activity.

Contact Your Medical Professional

See your doctor:

  • If you think you have asthma. If you have regular coughing or wheezing that lasts more than a few days or any other indications or symptoms of asthma, see your medical professional. Dealing with asthma early may avoid long-lasting lung damage and help keep the condition from getting worse over time.
  • To monitor your asthma after medical diagnosis. If you understand you have asthma, deal with your doctor to keep it under control. Great long-term control helps you feel much better from day to day and can prevent a deadly asthma attack.
  • If your asthma signs get even worse. Contact your doctor immediately if your medication doesn’t seem to reduce your signs or if you need to utilize your quick-relief inhaler regularly.

Don’t take more medication than prescribed without consulting your medical professional initially. Excessive using asthma medication can cause adverse effects and may make your asthma even worse.

  • To review your treatment. Asthma often changes with time. Consult with your doctor frequently to discuss your symptoms and make any needed treatment changes.


It isn’t clear why some individuals get asthma and others do not, however it’s most likely due to a mix of environmental and acquired (hereditary) aspects.

Asthma Activates

Direct exposure to numerous irritants and compounds that trigger allergic reactions (irritants) can activate indications and signs of asthma. Asthma triggers are different from person to person and can consist of:

  • Airborne allergens, such as pollen, dust mites, mold spores, animal dander or particles of cockroach waste.
  • Breathing infections, such as the cold.
  • Physical activity.
  • Cold air.
  • Air contaminants and irritants, such as smoke.
  • Certain medications, consisting of beta blockers, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve).
  • Strong feelings and stress.
  • Sulfites and preservatives contributed to some types of foods and drinks, including shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer and white wine.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which stomach acids back up into your throat.

Threat Elements

A number of factors are believed to increase your possibilities of developing asthma. They include:

  • Having a blood relative with asthma, such as a parent or brother or sister.
  • Direct exposure to previously owned smoke.
  • Having another allergic condition, such as atopic dermatitis — which triggers red, itchy skin — or hay fever — which causes a runny nose, congestion and scratchy eyes.
  • Being overweight.
  • Direct exposure to exhaust fumes or other types of pollution.
  • Being a smoker.
  • Direct exposure to occupational triggers, such as chemicals utilized in farming, hairdressing and production.


Asthma issues include:

  • Indications and symptoms that disrupt sleep, work and other activities.
  • Sick days from work or school during asthma flare-ups.
  • A permanent constricting of the tubes that bring air to and from your lungs (bronchial tubes), which impacts how well you can breathe.
  • Emergency room visits and hospitalizations for severe asthma attacks.
  • Adverse effects from long-lasting usage of some medications utilized to support extreme asthma.
  • Correct treatment makes a huge distinction in avoiding both short-term and long-term problems brought on by asthma.


While there’s no way to avoid asthma, you and your medical professional can create a detailed prepare for dealing with your condition and avoiding asthma attacks.

  • Follow your asthma action strategy. With your medical professional and healthcare team, compose a detailed plan for taking medications and managing an asthma attack. Then make certain to follow your strategy.

Asthma is an ongoing condition that needs regular tracking and treatment. Taking control of your treatment can make you feel more in control of your life.

  • Get immunized for influenza and pneumonia. Staying present with vaccinations can avoid influenza and pneumonia from activating asthma flare-ups.
  • Recognize and avoid asthma triggers. A variety of outside allergens and irritants — ranging from pollen and mold to cold air and air contamination — can activate asthma attacks. Discover out what triggers or worsens your asthma, and take steps to prevent those triggers.
  • Display your breathing. You might learn to acknowledge warning signs of an impending attack, such as small coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath.

However since your lung function might decrease prior to you observe any signs or symptoms, frequently step and tape-record your peak air flow with a house peak flow meter. A peak circulation meter measures how hard you can breathe out. Your physician can show you how to monitor your peak flow in your home.

  • Identify and deal with attacks early. If you act rapidly, you’re less most likely to have a severe attack. You also will not need as much medication to control your symptoms.

When your peak flow measurements reduce and alert you to an approaching attack, take your medication as instructed. Likewise, immediately stop any activity that may have triggered the attack. If your signs don’t improve, get medical assistance as directed in your action plan.

  • Take your medication as prescribed. Don’t change your medications without first talking with your doctor, even if your asthma appears to be enhancing. It’s a good idea to bring your medications with you to each medical professional see. Your physician can make certain you’re using your medications correctly and taking the right dose.
  • Focus on increasing quick-relief inhaler use. If you find yourself relying on your quick-relief inhaler, such as albuterol, your asthma isn’t under control. See your doctor about changing your treatment.
Ali Gadimov
Diet Expert